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Labor Trafficking

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Labor Trafficking

The Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000 (TVPA) defines labor trafficking as:  "The recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person for labor or services, through the use of force, fraud or coercion for the purpose of subjection to involuntary servitude, peonage, debt bondage or slavery."  A modern-day form of slavery, labor trafficking is a fundamental violation of human rights.

Forms of Labor Trafficking:

There are several forms of exploitative practices linked to labor trafficking, including bonded labor, forced labor and child labor.

1.  Bonded labor, or debt bondage, is probably the least known form of labor trafficking today, and yet it is the most widely used method of enslaving people.  Victims become bonded laborers when their labor is demanded as a means of repayment for a loan or service in which its terms and conditions have not been defined or in which the value of the victims' services as reasonably assessed in not applied toward the liquidation of the debt.  The value of their work is greater than the original sum of money "borrowed."

2.  Forced labor is a situation in which victims are forced to work against their own will, under the threat of violence or some other form of punishment, their freedom is restricted and a degree of ownership is exerted.  Forms of forced labor can include domestic servitude; agricultural labor; sweatshop factory labor; janitorial, food service and other service industry labor; and begging.

3.  Child labor is a form of work that is likely to be hazardous to the health and/or physical, mental, spiritual, moral or social development of children and can interfere with their education.  The International Labor Organization estimates worldwide that there are 246 million exploited children aged between 5 and 17 involved in debt bondage, forced recruitment for armed conflict, prostitution, pornography, the illegal drug trade, the illegal arms trade and other illicit activities around the world. 

For more information such as;

Identifying Victims of Labor Trafficking

Health Impacts of Labor Trafficking

Assistance for Victims of Labor Trafficking 

Click here for the complete Fact Sheet for Labor Trafficking

If you think you have come in contact with a victim of human trafficking, call the National Human Trafficking Resource Center at 1-888-3737-888.

For more information on human trafficking visit www.acf.hhs.gov/trafficking.